Porto is located in the North of Portugal, on the north bank of the river Douro. It's the second largest city in the country, in an urban area with more than 1.3 million inhabitants. Four main bridges (Arrábida, Freixo, D. Luiz and Infante) and two railway bridges (S. João and the Gustave Eiffel-built D. Maria - this one, considered an historical monument) make it possible to cross the river to the other bank (to the city of Vila Nova de Gaia). Its climate is mild.
The historical richness of the city can be seen in the labyrinth of narrow and rough streets of the medieval times and in its monuments (the Cathedral, the "Palácio da Bolsa", as well as several churches, museums and private houses). Influenced by the undeniable historical and architectural richness, by the beauty of the city and by the urban and social renovation the city goes constantly through, especially in the oldest areas, in 1996 UNESCO declared Porto as a "World Heritage". This demonstrates the cultural and social vitality of the city, which is also proven by its large University, art academies, conservatories, museums and art galleries.
For all this, Porto is very much proud of its unique place as a city of work, science, culture and leisure. Local food and wine is excellent, and in particular Oporto (Porto in Portuguese) is the home of Port wine.
Universidade do Porto (UP), the largest Portuguese university by number of students (around 26 500, spread across its 15 schools, 3 000 of which studying at post-graduate level). The UP was founded in 1911, although its roots can be traced back to the 18th Century.
The UP offers more than 60 graduate courses in all major fields of study and more than 120 Master courses. Faculty includes more than 2 000 teachers (half of which hold a PhD) and 1 000 technical and administrative staff.
The University carries out high quality research in all fields of study and has 50 research units which are awarded by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (“FCT-Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia”).